A late example was William Grey's Chorographia (1649), a survey of the antiquities of the city of Newcastle upon Tyne. Download our English Dictionary apps - available for both iOS and Android.

However, the term also continued to be used for maps and map-making, particularly of sub-national or county areas. Ptolemy’s Model – Epicycle, Deferent and Equant. Sign up.

The online version of the Collins Dictionary has just been updated again, with another batch of new words and meanings inspired by the events of the summer. Claudius Ptolemäus (altgriechisch Κλαύδιος Πτολεμαῖος Klaúdios Ptolemaíos, lateinisch Claudius Ptolomaeus; * um 100, möglicherweise in Ptolemais Hermeiou, Ägypten; † nach 160, vermutlich in Alexandria) war ein griechischer Mathematiker, Geograph, Astronom, Astrologe, Musiktheoretiker und Philosoph.Er lebte in Alexandria in der römischen Provinz Ägypten.

2nd century ad , Greek astronomer , mathematician , and... | Bedeutung, Aussprache, Übersetzungen und Beispiele

In Book I, Ptolemy gave a definition of what he considers to be geography as opposed to chorography (regional geography).

John Dee, 'Mathematicall Praeface', in Euclid. Sign up.

Create an account and sign in to access this FREE content, The latest Japanese vacuum cleaners contain a, Alle ENGLISCH Wörter, die mit 'P' beginnen, In allen offiziellen Collins Wörterbüchern browsen. Alexandrian astronomer (of the 2nd century) who proposed a geocentric system of astronomy that was undisputed until the late Renaissance Alexandrian astronomer (of the 2nd century) who proposed a geocentric system of astronomy that was undisputed until the late Renaissance, an ancient dynasty of Macedonian kings who ruled Egypt from 323 BC to 30 BC; founded by Ptolemy I and ended with Cleopatra, a sequence of powerful leaders in the same family. He continued with a critique of Marinus of Tyre, his predecessor in geography.

Ptolemy combined eccentric motion with an epicycle model to explain the planetary movements. Ptolemy was an influential astronomer, geographer, and mathematician of the ancient world. Today, 9 October, is the penultimate day of this year’s World Space Week, a UN event launched in 1999. Ptolemy implied that it was a graphic technique, comprising the making of views (not simply maps), since he claimed that it required the skills of a draftsman or landscape artist, rather than the more technical skills of recording "proportional placements". Don't have an account yet? His theories about the universe dominated scientific thought until the Middle Ages.

Our new online dictionaries for schools provide a safe and appropriate environment for children. [4], In his text of the Geographia (2nd century CE), Ptolemy defined geography as the study of the entire world, but chorography as the study of its smaller parts—provinces, regions, cities, or ports. Ptolemy's definition. See more. In his view geography was concerned with the extent and measurement of the known world and the methods of representing this information graphically. Particularly influential in reviving the term has been Helgerson 1992, esp. British Library Harleian MS 1808, fol.

in den letzten 300 Jahren. in den letzten 10 Jahren [3] Darrell Rohl prefers a broad definition of "the representation of space or place". See Lucia Nuti, 'Mapping Places: Chorography and Vision in the Renaissance', in Denis Cosgrove (ed.). Amaze your friends with your new-found knowledge! Ptolemy's most recent English translators, however, render the term as "regional cartography". We have almost 200 lists of words from topics as varied as types of butterflies, jackets, currencies, vegetables and knots! [5], Ptolemy's text was rediscovered in the west at the beginning of the fifteenth century, and the term "chorography" was revived by humanist scholars. Space Week falls at this calendar juncture because this first October week is bookended by two key dates. (100?–170?). He regarded chorography as a specialization within geography, comprising the description through field observation of the particular traits of a given area.

Chorography (from χῶρος khōros, "place" and γράφειν graphein, "to write") is the art of describing or mapping a region or district,[1] and by extension such a description or map. It's free and takes five seconds.

In the Geography Ptolemy assumes the stance of a reformer coming to the cartographic tradition from outside; and like a reformer, he begins with fundamental issues.¹¹ At the outset he offers a definition of the subject of the book: geōgraphia is an imitation, a mimēsis, of …

[8], The term also came to be used, however, for written descriptions of regions. By the beginning of the eighteenth century the term had largely fallen out of use in all these contexts, being superseded for most purposes by either "topography" or "cartography". There are some words that seem to be of perennial interest, so if you compare the list of words that were looked up most often in March with the words that were looked up most often in September, you will find a lot of words appearing on both lists. [7] John Dee in 1570 regarded the practice as "an underling, and a twig of Geographie", by which the "plat" [plan or drawing] of a particular place would be exhibited to the eye. Copyright © 2010 by It's free and takes five seconds. in den letzten 50 Jahren

[16], The term is also now widely used by historians and literary scholars to refer to the early modern genre of topographical and antiquarian literature.

Its goal was "an impression of a part, as when one makes an image of just an ear or an eye"; and it dealt with "the qualities rather than the quantities of the things that it sets down". Ptolemy's work probably originally came with maps, but none have been discovered. [10], Camden's Britannia was predominantly concerned with the history and antiquities of Britain, and, probably as a result, the term chorography in English came to be particularly associated with antiquarian texts. The Ptolemy world map is a map of the world known to the Roman Empire in the 2nd c. AD. Ptolemy definition, Hellenistic mathematician, astronomer, and geographer in Alexandria. [17], Ptolemy as imagined by a 16th-century artist.

Samuel Johnson in his Dictionary (1755) made a distinction between geography, chorography and topography, arguing that geography dealt with large areas, topography with small areas, but chorography with intermediary areas, being "less in its object than geography, and greater than topography". These regions were extensively visited by the writer, who then combined local topographical description, summaries of the historical sources, and local knowledge and stories, into a text. It is based on the description contained in Ptolemy's book Geography, written c. 150. In more technical geographical literature, the term had been abandoned as city views and city maps became more and more sophisticated and demanded a set of skills that required not only skilled draftsmanship but also some knowledge of scientific surveying. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. [2] This term derives from the writings of the ancient geographer Pomponius Mela and Ptolemy, where it meant the geographical description of regions. Ptolemy’s Principles Of Astrology theorised that the planets move around a circular path called the epicycle. 9v; reproduced in Catherine Delano-Smith and R.J.P Kain. "The Chorographic Tradition and Seventeenth- and Eighteenth-Century Scottish Antiquaries".

Even before Camden's work appeared, Andrew Melville in 1574 had referred to chorography and chronology as the "twa lights" [two lights] of history.[11].


However, its resonances of meaning have varied at different times. All the latest wordy news, linguistic insights, offers and competitions every month.

All rights reserved. It is the genre devoted to place, and chronicle is the genre devoted to time". Verwendung in: [9] Peter Heylin in 1652 defined chorography as "the exact description of some Kingdom, Countrey, or particular Province of the same", and gave as examples Pausanias's Description of Greece (2nd century AD); Camden's Britannia (1586); Lodovico Guicciardini's Descrittione di tutti i Paesi Bassi (1567) (on the Low Countries); and Leandro Alberti's Descrizione d'Italia (1550).

Whether you're a student, an educator, or a lifelong learner, Vocabulary.com can put you Seit existieren [15] In practice, however, the term is only rarely found in English by this date. Richard Helgerson states that "chorography defines itself by opposition to chronicle. having or relating to the very highest levels of security, 'Hepatomegaly' and 'hydronephrosis' are among the most frequently looked-up words in September. The oldest surviving Ptolemaic world map, redrawn according to his 1st projection by monks at Constantinople under Maximus Planudes around 1300. William Harrison in 1587 similarly described his own "Description of Britaine" as an exercise in chorography, distinguishing it from the historical/chronological text of Holinshed's Chronicles (to which the "Description" formed an introductory section). The most influential example (at least in Britain) was probably William Camden's Britannia (first edition 1586), which described itself on its title page as a Chorographica descriptio. William Camden praised the county mapmakers Christopher Saxton and John Norden as "most skilfull (sic) Chorographers";[12] and Robert Plot in 1677[13] and Christopher Packe in 1743[14] both referred to their county maps as chorographies. Webster’s New World College Dictionary, 4th Edition. And best of all it's ad free, so sign up now and start using at home or in the classroom. in den letzten 100 Jahren In his text of the Geographia (2nd century CE), Ptolemy defined geography as the study of the entire world, but chorography as the study of its smaller parts—provinces, regions, cities, or ports.

[6] An early instance is a small-scale map of Britain in an early fifteenth-century manuscript, which is labelled a tabula chorographica. However, its use was revived for a second time in the late nineteenth century by the geographer Ferdinand von Richthofen. William Lambarde, John Stow, John Hooker, Michael Drayton, Tristram Risdon, John Aubrey and many others used it in this way, arising from a gentlemanly topophilia and a sense of service to one's county or city, until it was eventually often applied to the genre of county history. From moonshoot to balconing: discover the latest words added to the Collins Dictionary. 105-47.

on the path to systematic vocabulary improvement. You can get a certain insight into human nature from analysing the words that people look up in dictionaries.

Ptolemy Definition: Latin name Claudius Ptolemaeus .