This creates changes in light levels and fuel levels. Garrison Hanks J, 1998.
Tift County, Georgia, USA. [ed., Ohwi J, 1965. Common Name: Japanese Climbing Fern. Murtaza G; Majid SA; Asghar R, 2004.

Fallen needles of Pinus species are collected from pine plantations or other pine-dominated areas and used as landscaping mulch.

Phenology of the climbing leaf of Lygodium japonicum (Thunb.) Pteridophytes of southeast Alabama: dichotomous keys, illustrations and distribution maps. Here, the species has not spread as aggressively as in the USA, but is of major concern. Spore diameters 64-80 µm, averaging 76 µm.

The genus was traditionally placed in the Schizaceae, but recent molecular studies have supported the recognition of monospecific family the Lygodiaceae, containing only Lygodium (Garrison Hanks, 1998).

Co, 517 pp.

Flora of Florida. Yang RZ; Tang CS, 1988. Puri HS, 1970.

In: Texas Forestry Newsletter, Texas, USA: Texas Forestry. Another fungal pathogen, Colletotrichum gloeosporioides, has infested plants in Florida (Jones et al., 2003). Since L. japonicum grows in pine-dominated habitats and in pine plantations, collection and movement of pine straw serves to distribute the spores to new locations. Clarke HM, 1936. In: Journal of the Alabama Academy of Science, 79 200-237. USA: USDA Forest Service.

Maideen H; Latiff A; Bidin A; Damanhuri A; Jaman R, 2004.
Lygodium (total : 1) L. japonicum invasions have had a negative impact in the USA because the species is an invader of commercial pine plantations and hardwood plantations (USDA, 2009; Beasley and Pijut, 2010). Lygodium japonicum in Singapore. Alien ferns in Hawaii. Prain D, 1903. Noteworthy vascular plants from Arkansas. According to Henderson the oldest confirmed naturalized record of L. japonicum is from 1985 (L. Henderson, SRC-Plant Protection Research Institute, South Africa, personal communication, 2014). L. japonicum invasions can range from very sparse, with small numbers of individuals, to dense monocultures. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Georgia, USA. Cyrtomium (total : 5) Wardani W; Jaenudin J, 2014. 561 pp. New York, USA: The City University of New York. In: Journal of the Alabama Academy of Science, 78 (1) 21-28. If the frond apex is damaged or cut, new growth will initiate from arrested growing points from bases of pinnae (Mueller, 1983).

Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by

In Puerto Rico it is known from disturbed areas and second growth forests (NYBG, 2015). Newman M, Ketphanh S, Svengsuksa B, Thomas P, Sengdala K, Lamxay V, Armstrong K, 2007. | Rédiger une suggestion | Figurer dans les liens de Fernatic | Faites parler de Fernatic autour de vous | Plan du site |. Populations of L. japonicum have also become established on two Hawaiian Islands, Puerto Rico, Singapore and South Africa., Applegate R, 2015. microstachyum (Desv.) PQR database. Ferns wanted. N. Carolina Press. Zone de culture : Zones 7 à 10, L. japonicum is widely cultivated around the world. 125 pp. form a strategic partnership called N.C. L. japonicum is a high-climbing vine that has become established outside of its native range of Asia. Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF).