2014. Zhao, E.M. 2006. BMC Genomics 2011, 12:1 -, Lillywhite, Harvey B. Asian Herpetological Research 5 (4): 276-280 doi 10.3724/SP.J.1245.2014.00276 -, Winchell, S. 2011. Cobra At Night, Herper's Delight, -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------, Throughout There may be irregular or Snake", referring to the markings on the back of the hood that resemble by expanding the long ribs in the neck, hiss loudly and strike out. Taiwan and Matsu, up to 1000 m altitude. ; Nabhitabhata,J. Abstract Background: Naja naja atra venom (NNAV) displays diverse pharmacological actions including analgesia, anti-inflammation and immune regulation.In this study, we investigated the effects of NNAV on pulmonary fibrosis and its mechanisms of action. anterior to middle of upper law. Naja is a genus of venomous elapid snakes known as cobras ("true cobras"). London (Taylor & Francis), xiv + 727 pp. Ziegler, T. 2002. Site copyright (browse by taxonomy, Chimaira, Frankfurt, 768 pp. snake; total length up to 200 cm. grouped by species Naja naja atra — STEJNEGER 1907: 394 Naja kaouthia atra — DERANIYAGALA 1960 Naja naja atra — GOLAY 1985: 45 Naja sputatrix atra — LINGENHOLE & TRUTNAU 1989 Naja atra — ZIEGLER 2002: 275 Naja (Naja) atra — WALLACH et al. the wound swells, and necrosis sets in quickly. Medium to large Herpetofauna of Vietnam. scattered crosslines of white to light gray along upper body and a A century of confusion: Asiatic cobras revisited. Conservation Genetics 9:1089–1097. 8: 493-510, Wüster, Wolfgang 1993. fact, pretty much any animal it can force down its

conspicuous. It feeds extensively on fish, spit venom at aggressors, albeit with little accuracy. (Distribution map). Zhejiang), Taiwan, N. Vietnam, N. Laos. Populuation systematics of the snake genus Naja (Reptilia: Serpentes: Elapidae) in Indochina: Multivariate morphometrics and comparative mitochondrial DNA sequencing (cytochrome oxidase I). transverse band on the ventral face of hood. advanced search › Zootaxa 2236: 26–36 -. Luu, V. Q., Dinh, T. S., Lo, O. V., Nguyen, T. Q. and Ziegler, T. 2020.

Die Giftschlangen Südchinas. Club 4: 53-78, 2 plates -, Boulenger, G.A. Upper head is light gray tan to dark

Eye is medium-sized; iris is dark dirty yellow dappled with

such as white, yellow or brown may be found. Faint vertical banding from midsection through the tail, when not displaying its hood the Chinese Cobra can easily be mistaken for a rat snake at a quick glance. (1) 9: 481-493 -, Cope, E.D. gray-black, usually the same color as upper body and tail; sides of head Vivarium 4 (4): 14-18. Find more photos by Google images search: Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator, ^ To top of page At rest, the Reptilia (Münster) 16 (89): 16-22 -, Wüster, W.; Thorpe,R.S. The snakes of China [in Chinese]. The

Venom gland transcriptomes of two Elapid snakes (Bungarus multicinctus and Naja atra) and evolution of toxin genes. N. atra can inject as much as 250 mg of venom in a single Hello Kitty Cobra-----Family: Elapidae, subfamily Elapinae : Max. Mus.

blackish (100%), the central and southern populations are mainly white to however, the designs on the hood may range from partial figures to Bonn Zoological Bulletin 69: 1-9. diurnal or crepuscular but prefers to hunt in the evening when the weather General features of Chusan, with remarks on the flora and fauna of that island [part 3].

Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. How Snakes Work: Structure, Function and Behavior of the World's Snakes. New England zool. There are 15-27 (19-21 at mid-body and 3, An spectacle-like mark on the upper face of the expanded neck (hood); In praise of subgenera: taxonomic status of cobras of the genus Naja Laurenti (Serpentes: Elapidae). Kleine gifslangengalerij. Named after its color, Latin “ater, atra, atrum” = dark or black. Cobras are arguably among the world's most easily identifiable animals. Naja atra (Chinese cobra) Venom composition Figure 1: Composition of N. atra venom, studied at the transcriptomic level. Naja atra in classic threat stance. habitually protect them. (status unclear fide P. Campbell, pers. atra in a Hong Kong forest The color of ventral body and However, this species


confrontation. 1896. -, Cantor,T. are lighter in color. unicolor Von Martens, 1876 Homonyms Mag. Acad. ; Cox,M.J. The updated checklists of amphibians and reptiles of China. body may also be flattened to appear larger. The Chinese Cobra (Naja atra) is an elapid snake of major medical importance in southern China. populations in different geographic regions of Taiwan reveal a unique US Natl. 38: 91-114 -, Wallach, V.; Wüster, W. & Broadley, D.G. Naja atra Name Synonyms Naia tripudians var. Nguyen, S.V., Ho, C.T. The batrachians and reptiles of Formosa. name 眼鏡蛇 (yan3jing4she2) means "Spectacled cobra is highly venomous; yet the teeth marks are difficult to see on the

Lacerta 66 (1-3): 47-57 -, Orlov, N.; Ananjeva, A.; Ryabov, S. & Rao, D.-Q. Its venom is both neurotoxic and cardiotoxic, with an LD50 of 0.53 Nat. Holotype: nondesignated (T.E. Proc. "dark" or "black". It inhabits plains, farmland, and mountains alike, and is [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp. [CDATA[ */ javascript:prn(); /* ]]> */

distinct from neck; body is moderately heavy, slightly flattened, and may Barbour, Thomas 1909. will immediately recognize a cobra in its agitated state: the front third Cell 180, 233–247 -, Rosén, N. 1904. Ventral coloration differentiation and mitochondrial sequences of the Chinese Cobra (Naja atra) in Taiwan. in classic threat stance, Photographing and handling a

Biodiversity Science 28 (2): 189-218 -, WANG, Zheng; Longhui LIN; Xiang JI 2014. Notes on Amphibia and Reptilia from Eastern Asia.

Zool. "hood" spread out - there's no mistaking a cobra readying for a of the body is raised straight into the air, swaying slightly, the famous The Chinese The Chinese Most humans color than forks. Reptilia (GB) (31): 22-29 -, Orlov, N.; Ananjeva, A.; Ryabov, S. & Rao, D.-Q. Anal scale is 2009-2010 Hans Breuer & William Christopher Murphy, All images on this site are 2009. 1860. dark gray black to blue-black and pupil is round, jet black. Itsy Bitsy Baby Cobra . Die Preussische Expedition nach Ostasien. Indian Cobra in the Taiwanese Woods, The Naja atra.

females lay 7-25 eggs of 4.2-5.4 x 2.6-3.1 cm per clutch in summer and

the northern population are 60% and 30%, respectively.

browse by keywords), Long neurotoxin homolog (Kappa-cobrotoxin), Cobrotoxin (CBT) (Atratoxin) (Short neurotoxin 1), Cobrotoxin-b (CBT-b) (Atratoxin-b) (Cobrotoxin III) (CBT-III), Cytotoxin 1 (CX1) (Cardiotoxin 1) (CTX-1) (CTX1) (Cardiotoxin, Cytotoxin 2 (Cardiotoxin 1A) (Cardiotoxin 2) (CTX-2), Cytotoxin 3a (Cardiotoxin-31) (Ctx-31) (Cardiotoxin-3a), Cytotoxin 3 (Cardiotoxin 3) (CTX-3) (CTX3) (Cardiotoxin A3) (CTX, Cytotoxin 4 (CTX-4M) (CTX4) (Cardiotoxin A4) (CTX A4), Cytotoxin 8 (Cardiotoxin VIII) (Cardiotoxin-8) (CTX8), Cytotoxin 10 (Cardiotoxin-10) (CTX10) (Ctx-10), Cytotoxin 6 (Cardiotoxin 6) (CTX6) (Cardiotoxin A6) (CTX A6), Cytotoxin I-like P-15 (Cardiotoxin I-like P-15), Cytotoxin I-like T-15 (Cardiotoxin I-like T-15), Cytotoxin 5 (Cardiotoxin A4b) (CTX-A4b) (Cardiotoxin T), Cytotoxin homolog Clbp-3 (Cardiotoxin-like basic protein 3), Cytotoxin A5 (CTX A5) (CT A5) (Cardiotoxin A5) (Cardiotoxin V), Cytotoxin 7 (Cardiotoxin-7) (CTX7) (Ctx-7) (Cardiotoxin-like, Cardiotoxin-like basic polypeptide ah (CLBPah) (Fragment), Cardiotoxin 7'' (Cardiotoxin 7') (Cardiotoxin VII), Cytotoxin homolog 5V (Cardiotoxin-5V) (CTX5V), Cathelicidin-related antimicrobial peptide Na_CRAMP, Cysteine-rich venom protein natrin-1 (Cysteine-rich venom, Cysteine-rich venom protein natrin-2 (Cysteine-rich venom, Venom nerve growth factor (v-NGF) (vNGF) (Cobra nerve growth, L-amino-acid oxidase (LAO) (NA-LAAO) (EC (Fragment), Acidic phospholipase A2 1 (svPLA2) (EC (Muscarinic, Acidic phospholipase A2 2 (svPLA2) (EC, Acidic phospholipase A2 natratoxin (svPLA2) (EC, Venom phosphodiesterase (PDE) (EC 3.6.1.-), Snake venom 5'-nucleotidase (5'-NT) (EC, Kunitz-type serine protease inhibitor NACI (Naja atra, Zinc metalloproteinase atrahagin (EC 3.4.24.-) (Snake venom, Zinc metalloproteinase-disintegrin-like atrase-A (EC 3.4.24.-), Zinc metalloproteinase-disintegrin-like atrase-B (EC 3.4.24.-), Zinc metalloproteinase-disintegrin-like atragin (EC 3.4.24.-), Zinc metalloproteinase-disintegrin-like kaouthiagin-like, Zinc metalloproteinase-disintegrin-like NaMP (EC 3.4.24.-), Snake venom serine protease NaSP (SVSP) (EC 3.4.21.-) (Fragment), flavin monoamine oxidase (L-amino-acid oxidase), Blood coagulation cascade inhibiting toxin. New records and an updated checklist of snakes from Son La Province, Vietnam. frogs, toads, lizards, snakes, birds, bird eggs, and rodents  - in Sci. scopinucha Cope, 1859 Naja tripudians var. Proc. seldom causes death due to widely available antivenom. An Indian Cobra in the Taiwanese Woods. Hefei, China, Anhui Sience & Technology Publ. Catalogue of the venomous serpents in the Museum of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, with notes on the families, genera and species. 23-27 at neck) rows of smooth and glossy scales; the dorsolateral scales Cobra That Hijacked The Camera Bag, Mad The Chinese cobra  mates in late spring and early summer; Spitting behaviour in the Chinese cobra Naja atra. Hist. Martens, E. von 1876. Big Fat Chinese Cobra. home › Proc. Less common in Northern Taiwan. Biodiversity Data Journal 8: e52779 -, Post, Yorick;, Jens Puschhof,, Joep Beumer,, Harald M. Kerkkamp, Merijn A.G. de Bakker,
Julien Slagboom, Buys de Barbanson, Nienke R. Wevers, Xandor M. Spijkers, Thomas Olivier,
Taline D. Kazandjian, Stuart Ainsworth, Carmen Lopez Iglesias, 2020.

Mad Cobra At Night, Herper's Delight. Fangs are rigid, short to medium length, and located This snake is Individuals bearing other colors in dorsal surface,

eyeglasses. are strongly oblique. The Reptile database II (color plates), 280 pp. sometimes found close to human dwellings.