Satyrs are wild and reckless, a combination that can quickly spin into destruction. "[Across] the river Halys [into] Phrygia, they marched through that country to Kelainai (Celaenae), where rises the source of the river Maiandros (Meander) and of another river no smaller, which is called Kataraktes (Cataracts); it rises right in the market-place of Keleinai and issues into the Maiandros.
. Today’s images are similar—the horsier the better! Hence satyrs are most commonly described in Latin literature as having the upper half of a man and the lower half of a goat. in Aen. Pearse) (Greek mythographer C1st to C2nd A.D.) : Fauns carried on the Satyr’s merry-making, but they weren’t quite as robust as their ancestors. Satyr - Legendary Creature in Greek Mythology | Mythology.net 9. As Midas was very greedy, he wished that everything he touched would turn to gold.
"The contest in skill between Apollon and Marsyas, in which, we are told, Apollon was victorious and thereupon exacted an excessive punishment of his defeated adversary, but he afterwards repented of this and, tearing the strings from the lyre, for a time had nothing to do with its music. 26; Xen. Marsyas later challenged the god Apollon to a musical contest but lost when the god demanded they play their instruments upside-down in the second round--a feat ill-suited to the flute. Marsyas was also connected with the flute-playing Tityroi satyrs in the train of the god Dionysos. When the Silenos met with his disaster, the river Marsyas carried the flutes to the Maiandros (Meander); reappearing in the Asopos they were cast ashore in the Sikyonian territory and given to Apollon by the shepherd who found them.
Greek Lyric V) (Greek lyric C5th B.C.)
These plays likely predated comedy, considered by scholars such as Rush Rehm to have initially been part of rituals associated with crops and harvest. This fellow had come upon the flute which Athene had thrown away because it made her face misshapen, and he proceeded to face Apollon in a musical contest. 9. Marsyas was departing as victor, when Apollo turned his lyre upside down, and played the same tune--a thing which Marsyas couldn't do with the pipes. 1 (trans. In the Great Dionysia festival at Athens three tragedies were followed by a Satyr play (e.g., Euripides’ Cyclops), in which the chorus was dressed to represent Satyrs. ", Plato, Euthydemus 285c (trans.
Type Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) .
The word Satire, meaning human follies or mistakes, comes from the word Satyr. Greek Mythology Link - a collection of myths retold by Carlos Parada, author of Genealogical Guide to Greek Mythology. de Benef. i. § 8; Plut. But undoubtedly, Satyrs pose the biggest threat to women.
Satyrs were originally described by the ancient Greeks as being elderly, ugly creatures, but later artistic interpretations of satyrs depicted them as quite the opposite: youthful and physically attractive. de Incredib.
10, p. 164; Diod. The spirit of the ancient Satyr lives on in today’s fantasy literature—although they are more commonly referred to by their Roman name, faun. (Plut. They are famous for their insatiable lust, and they won’t take no for an answer.
vol. One of the most famous satyrs was Seilênos, who was a follower of Dionysus. "Apamea [a town in Karia (Caria)], previously called Celaenae . ", Pausanias, Description of Greece 1. d. Kunst, § 362. n.
Tamborines and brass drums can also be heard in their musical melee. It seems more likely that the statue, standing in the place where justice was administered, was intended to hold forth an example of the severe punishment of arrogant presumption. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Reveling satyrs, Attic red-figure psykter (wine cooler) signed by Douris, c. 480. MARSYAS was a Phrygian Satyr who invented the music of the flute. In early Greek art, Satyrs are part-man and part-horse or donkey. 6. The story of Marsyas was often referred to by the lyric and epigrammatic poets (Bode, Gesch.
A band of Satyroi (Satyrs) gaze lovingly upon the youth. Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 1. In Greek mythology Marsyas was a Phrygian Satyr who invented the music of the flute. A humanoid being of short stature, the satyr has the upper body of a human with the lower body resembling a goat (goat legs covered in rough hair, a small tail and sometimes a goat's phallus).
Lamb) (Greek philosopher C4th B.C.)
§ 9; Herod. 9 : Plutarch, Life of Alcibiades 2.
. de Mus. The occurrence of two different names for the creatures has been explained by two rival theories: that Silenus was the Asian Greek and Satyr the mainland name for the same mythical being; or that the Sileni were part horse and the Satyrs part goat. He found the very first flute which had been crafted but cast away by the goddess Athena who had been displeased by the bloating of the cheeks. 41 ff (trans. if my hide is not to end by being made into a wine-skin, like that of Marsyas. Godley) (Greek historian C5th B.C.) de Fluv. Some make him a satyr, others a peasant. A complete bibliography of the translations quoted on this page. He found the very first flute which had been crafted but cast away by the goddess Athena who had been displeased by the bloating of the cheeks. Aulocrene (the Flute-Spring) is the place where Marsyas had a contest in flute-playing with Apollo: it is the name given to a gorge 10 miles from Apamea, on the way to Phrygia. ix. Godley) (Greek historian C5th B.C.)  OIAGROS (Hyginus Fabulae 165). They say too that they repelled the army of the Gauls by the aid of Marsyas, who defended them against the barbarians by the water from the river and by the music of his flute. 14 (trans. A humanoid being of short stature, the satyr has the upper body of a human with the lower body resembling a goat (goat legs covered in rough hair, a small tail and sometimes a goat's phallus). His flute has been thrown away, condemned never to be played again, since just now it has been convicted of playing out of tune. The satyr play was a lighthearted follow-up attached to the end of each trilogy of tragedies in Athenian festivals honoring Dionysus. In Greek mythology Satyrs were rustic fertility spirits of the countryside and wilds.
Satyrs (youthful folk deities with bestial features) and sileni (old and drunken folk deities) were the nymphs’ male counterparts. They consorted with the Nymphs and were companions of the gods Dionysus, Hermes, Hephaestus, Pan, Rhea-Cybele and Gaea.
", Strabo, Geography 10. "The place is Kelainai (Celaenae), if one may judge by the springs and the cave; but Marsyas has gone away either to watch his sheep or because the contest is over. s. v. ; Athen. 2. : Herodotus, Histories 1. 3; Senec. to C1st A.D.) : They roam to the music of pipes (auloi), cymbals, castanets, and bagpipes, and love to dance with the Nymphs (with whom they are obsessed, and whom they often pursue), and have a special form of dance called sikinnis. Satyrs also typically have a pair of goat's horns protruding from their heads. "He [Apollon] rejects the sound of breathing reeds, ever since he put to shame Marsyas and his god-defiant pipes, and bared every limb of the skin-stript shepherd, and hung his skin on a tree to belly in the breezes. 5 (trans.